As a new generation of mobile communications technology, 5G technology in line with the transformation of traditional manufacturing enterprise manufacturing intelligence applications for wireless networks, the Internet and remote equipment to meet the needs of interactive applications in industrial environments. In networking, industrial automation and control, logistics tracking, industrial applications Industrial AR, cloud-based robotics, 5G technology plays a supporting role. 5G era of intelligent plant will significantly improve working conditions and reduce the production line manual intervention, to improve control of the production process, the most important thing is to get through the various means of information technology business processes, to achieve interoperability from design, production and sales of all aspects and to achieve integration and optimization of resources on this basis.
5G technology support intelligent manufacturing scene as a new generation of mobile communication technology, 5G technology in line with the transformation of traditional manufacturing enterprise manufacturing intelligence applications for wireless networks, the Internet and remote equipment to meet the needs of interactive applications in industrial environments. In networking, industrial automation and control, logistics tracking, industrial applications Industrial AR, cloud-based robotics, 5G technology plays a supporting role. Things: With the advance of plant intelligence transformation, the key supporting technologies as things that connect people, machines and equipment are being highly concerned about business. This demand while promoting the landing networking applications, but also greatly stimulated the development of 5G technologies. Industrial automation and control: This is the most basic manufacturing plant applications, the core is a closed loop control system. 5G Prolonged providing low, high reliability, mass network connection, such that the closed-loop control applications is made possible by a wireless network connection. Logistics Tracking: Delivery require wide coverage from warehouse management to logistics, covering deep, low power consumption, connection, low-cost connectivity. In addition, the virtual factory-end integration across the entire product life cycle, to connect a wide range of distributed goods sold, also require low power, low cost and wide coverage of the network, horizontal integration within and between enterprises or enterprise also need ubiquitous network, 5G network can well meet this kind of demand. Industrial AR: Smart factory in the production process, people play a more important role. Since the factory of the future with a high degree of flexibility and versatility, which have higher requirements on the factory floor staff. To quickly meet the needs of new tasks and production activities, augmented reality AR will play a very key role in the intelligent manufacturing process can be used in the following scene: such as: monitoring processes and production processes. Production tasks step by step guidelines, such as manual assembly process guidance; Remote ExpertSupport, such as remote maintenance. In these applications, AR auxiliary facilities have required the greatest degree of flexibility and portability to effectively carry out maintenance work. Cloud robotics: intelligent manufacturing scenario, the robot needs to have the ability to self-organization and collaboration to meet flexible production, which has created a need for a robot of the cloud. 5G network is a cloud robotics ideal communication network, the key is to make robots capable of clouds. 5G technology has become a key support to enable the transformation of intelligent manufacturing technology, can widely distributed, scattered people, machines and equipment are all connected together, build a unified network. Development of 5G technology can help manufacturing companies get rid of conventional Wi-Fi technology is more chaotic state of the application, which for the implementation and promotion of industrial intelligent manufacturing deepen the transformation of the Internet has a positive meaning. The core of smart intelligent manufacturing plant information revolution intensified, equipment, people and products and other manufacturing elements are no longer independent entities, they are networked together closely by industrial material, manufacturing systems to achieve a more coordinated and efficient. The current transformation of the manufacturing sector can be considered to enhance the integration of automation and information technology upgrades, not just automation and machine substitutions, the factory can achieve independence and decision-making , to produce flexible a variety of products, and can respond more quickly to market changes. Combination of artificial intelligence and manufacturing systems will be inevitable, machine learning, pattern recognition, cognitive analysis algorithm model that can enhance the capacity of the plant control and management system to achieve the so-called intelligent manufacturing, so that enterprises in today’s competitive environment better advantage. Intelligent Manufacturing process revolves around intelligent plant expansion, and artificial intelligence plays an important role in the smart factory. Things to connect together all of the equipment, such as controllers, sensors, actuators networking, and then, the AI can analyze the sensor data uploaded, which is the core of the intelligent manufacturing. With the development of industrial applications of things, network and system entities will be closely linked, that is, things will connect the processor production site, the sensor makes it possible to communicate between robots can communicate with each other, and the machines and people the work will no longer be a strict division of labor, the manufacturing system of man and machine together in the future. Digital twins important role in the whole process intelligent manufacturing has a digital twin model, the system includes real worldAnything that sector, may be an application or operating instructions and so on. In addition, intelligent manufacturing systems as well as the interaction between human-computer interaction, namely human robot. There driven by artificial intelligence, optimize the product and processes. Factories need to do some predictive maintenance or energy consumption prediction machine, and so on, more and more of these functions can be implemented in a smart factory. 5G era of intelligent factory outlook from 2016 to 2018, China’s basic research and development 5G test is divided into three stages. The first stage is the related art test 5G, 5G second aspect is the authentication phase, the third phase of the system to verify 5G. China in January 2016 launched 5G technology test, in order to ensure the smooth development of experimental work, IMT-2020 (5G) to promote the group in Huairou, Beijing plans to build a 5G field 30 stations. After the completion of Phase II trial 5G, the third phase of the trial will be launched by the end of 2017 or early 2018; the first is expected to 5G standard version will be completed in June 2018, or the full version will be completed by September 2019, and it is expected to achieve large-scale commercial in 2020. The face of phase III trials, in order to do a good job with further enrich the scene, our future plans to carry out more tests in six cities, including 5G technology and intellectual heart of the city planning combined power of smart city construction; the means test 5G to promote the double hit, as well as in the Internet industry, intelligent manufacturing full advantage of 5G technology. Smart factory is one of the important scenarios 5G technology. 5G network will use production devices to connect seamlessly and to further open up the design, procurement, warehousing, logistics and other sectors to make production more flat, customized, intelligent, to construct a future of intelligent manufacturing network. Here, the editors compiled the industry’s prospects for the era of intelligent plant 5G outlook, let us look forward to a new era. Boost the production of flexible manufacturing personalized global population is close to 80 million middle class consumers continues to expand, it is expected to form a huge market, thereby affecting consumption layout. With customer needs and products “information” system function to become the new core, personalized custom hardware product sales become a trend. In order to meet different markets around the world for product diversification, personalized needs, in-house production companies need to update the existing mode of production, based on the production model of flexible technology become a trend. The definition of the International Association for the Study of the production plant are: flexible manufacturing systemIs an automated manufacturing system, with minimal human intervention, able to produce any range of product family, flexible system is generally limited product family of system design consideration. The arrival of flexible production, gave birth to the demand for new technologies. On the one hand, in the company factory, flexible production of flexible and differentiated mobile service processing capabilities of industrial robots have high demands. 5G using its own incomparable unique advantage of the massive popularity of flexible power production. 5G network entry facility in the cable between the machine and reduce machine costs, while the use of a continuous coverage of high reliability of the network, the active area of the robot is not limited in movement, reaching various locations on demand, in various scenarios work uninterrupted and smooth content switching operation. 5G network also allows the various service requirements can have a difference of characteristics. Large plants Control Engineering Copyright , different production scenarios for different network quality of service requirements. High precision processes link the key is to delay Control Engineering Copyright , mission-critical need to ensure network reliability, high-volume data processing and real-time analysis of high-speed rate. 5G network with its end-to-slice technology, with a core network have different quality of service, flexibility to adjust as needed. The device status reporting information is set to the highest levels of service and so on. On the other hand, 5G can build connections inside and outside the factory of man and machine a full range of information-centric ecosystem, ultimately any people and things at any time, any place can share information with each other. Consumers also asked personalized products and services, the relationship between businesses and consumers changes, consumers will be involved in the production process, consumers can cross-regional network through 5G, involved in product design, product and real-time query status information. Plant Maintenance Mode comprehensive upgrade of large-scale enterprise production scene, often involves cross-plant and cross-boundary maintenance, remote fault location and other scenes. 5G technology applications in these areas Control Engineering Copyright , can enhance the operation, maintenance efficiency and reduce costs. 5G brings not only the interconnection of all things, as well as all information exchange, making the maintenance work in the future intelligent plant factory break boundaries. According to the complexity of the plant maintenance work can be done in collaboration with the people or by an industrial robot industrial robot according to the actual situation. In the future, the factory each object is a unique ITerminal P, so that the production processes of raw materials has “Information” attribute. Raw material will be “information” according to auto production and maintenance. Who has become a terminal has its own IP’s, and the industrial robot into the entire production chain, with a unique IP and raw materials, equipment, goods and exchange information. Industrial robot while managing the factory, people thousands of miles away can receive real-time information to follow up the first time, and interoperate. Envisaged in the future 5G network coverage of an intelligent factory, when an object fault, the fault is reported to the industrial robots with the highest priority “zero” delay. In general, the industrial robot can do the repair work without the intervention of human experience database based on independent study. Another case, by an industrial robot to determine the fault must be operated by a repair person. In this case, even if the other person far end of the globe, the device can also be perceived through a simple technique of VR and remote sense, remote control of industrial robots in the plant to reach the scene to repair the fault, industrial robots simulate real-time synchronization thousands of miles away human action, this time as people went to the site for construction. 5G technology allows people in the industrial robot can handle more complex scenes with ease. As many people work together in case of need repair, even different continents separated by a few experts can each be perceived by VR and remote haptic device, the first time the “gathering” at the fault site. 5G large flow network can meet the VR image definition data exchange required massive, so that a low latency haptic sensations network, people are able to earth at the other end of their operation to transfer error-free robot plant, the plant than the control different robot repair operation to the next step. Meanwhile, with the interconnection of all things, human and industrial robots, products and raw materials are all directly connected to all kinds of relevant knowledge and experience in database, when troubleshooting, and the massive industrial robot can refer to the experience and expertise to improve the problem of precise positioning degree. Industrial robots adding “management” refers to the part of the smart factory of the future program in the judgment and decision of logistics, loading, warehousing, 5G technology can provide full cloud networking platform for intelligent plant. Precise sensing technology applied to numerous sensors, status information reported within a short time a very large number of industrial-level data collected through 5G networks, huge database began to form, in conjunction with industrial robots supercomputing cloud Independent Learning and accurate judgment, toThe best solution. In certain scenarios, by means of at 5G D2D (Device-to-Device, which means: the device-to-device) technology direct communication between the objects and the object, further reducing the service end to end latency, network load shunting at the same time, more agile response. Manufacturing various aspects of time becomes shorter, faster and better solutions, manufacturing efficiency can be greatly improved. We can imagine the next 10 years, 5G network coverage to every corner of the factory. 5G technical control industrial robot, the glass case has come from the glass case, the shuttle freely day and night in a workshop, for inspection and repair equipment, feed, production quality or difficult operation. The robot becomes, the primary management by calculating and accurately determine information, coordinate production and production decisions. Here only a few people bear the plant operation monitoring and senior management. People become robots senior aides, people find it difficult replacement to complete the work, and the robot in the factory to be symbiotic. 5G networks provide resources on demand via a network slice solutions for a variety of manufacturing scenarios, real-time efficiency and low power consumption, and simplify deployment, to lay a solid foundation for the future development of smart factory. First, the use of network technology to ensure slice on demand network resources to meet the requirements of the network in different manufacturing scenarios. Different applications of delay, mobility, network coverage, connection densities and connection costs have different needs, flexible configuration of 5G networks, especially rational distribution and rapid redistribution of network resources made more stringent requirements. As the most important characteristics of the 5G network, network-based end-to-sliced variety of new technologies combined capacity can be flexible and dynamic network resources required to face different needs in the entire network capacity allocation and release; according to provide management services blueprints and input parameters, create a network sections, it provides specific network characteristics. For example, extremely low latency, high reliability, enormous bandwidth to meet the requirements of different application scenarios on the network. For example, in a smart factory prototype, in order to meet the key requirements of transaction processing in the plant, create a mission-critical sections, to provide low-latency, highly reliable network. In the process of creating a network slice, the infrastructure needs to schedule resources. Including access resources, transmission and cloud resources. And each also has its own infrastructure resources management functions. Slicing through the network management, according to the customer notWith demand, to provide customers with infrastructure resources or shared isolation. As a result of collaborative management between the independence, network management sections are different resources of various resources. In the smart factory prototype, demonstrated the use of multi-level, modular management, the management of the entire network slice and collaboration more versatile, more flexible and easy to expand. In addition to mission-critical sections, 5G plant will also create additional intelligent mobile broadband connection and a large slice sliced. Different sections in the dispatch network management system slices, share the same infrastructure, but without disturbing each other, to maintain the independence of their business. Secondly, 5G can optimize network connection, take local traffic diversion, to meet the requirements of low latency. Each slice for the optimization of business needs, not only in the different features of the network, also reflected in the flexible deployment options. Slicing functional blocks inside the network is very flexible deployment CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , can be deployed in a plurality of distributed data centers according to business needs. Transaction key sections of the prototype ensure real-time transaction processing, high delay requirements for the user data plane function module is deployed close to the end user of the local data center, to reduce latency as much as possible, to ensure real-time control of production and response. In addition, the use of distributed cloud computing technology in a flexible way to deploy data center in a local or centralized data center based on NFV (Network Function Virtualization, which means: the network function virtualization) industrial applications and critical network functions technology. High bandwidth and low latency characteristics of the 5G network, the intelligent processing capabilities by migrating to the cloud and dramatically, to enhance the intelligence level paved the way. In connection 5G networks, intelligent plant became a platform for the intelligent application of technology. In addition to the use of the above four categories of technology, intelligent plant is expected to be combined with a number of future advanced technology, maximizing resources, productivity and economic gains. For example by means 5G high speed internet, collection key equipment part manufacturing, production, energy supply and other energy efficiency related data, using the energy management system energy efficiency related data management and analysis, to detect energy efficiency ripple and abnormal, in the premise of ensuring the normal production next, accordingly the production process, equipment, personnel and energy supply adjustment, to achieve improved energy efficiency of the production process; using ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning, which means: Enterprise Resource Planning) conducted inventory management of raw materials, including raw materials and supplier information. When a customer order is placed, ERP automatically calculate the necessary raw materials, raw material procurement and calculates the time based on supplier information instantly, to ensure at the same time meet the delivery time to achieve the lowest cost or even zero inventory. Therefore, 5G era of intelligent plant will significantly improve working conditions, reduce manual intervention production lines, improve the controllability of the production process, the most important thing is to get through the aid of information technology in various business processes to achieve all aspects from design, production to sales interoperability, and to achieve integration and optimization of resources on this basis to further improve production efficiency and product quality.