Ukrainian violent conflict caused 14 deaths

China News Service, February 19th According to foreign reports, a new round of conflict in the Ukrainian capital Kiev on the 18th killed 14 people, and at least 100 others were injured. Ukrainian opposition leader Krishko has arrived at the office of the victorious President Yanukovych and will meet with Yanukovych.

The Ukrainian police have just reported that six policemen were shot and killed in the local violent clashes on the 18th, and the number of deaths in conflict increased to 14. The Ukrainian prosecutor said at least 100 people were injured, the Ukrainian health department said that 185 people “need to receive medical care”, dozens of them were seriously injured.

At the same time, the confrontation on Kiev’s Independence Square continues, with two security forces’ armored personnel carriers heading for the square, and protesters throwing petrol bombs at the vehicles.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon revealed through his spokesperson that he is closely monitoring the development of the situation in Ukraine and reported on the 18th that the casualties caused by the new violent conflict were “serious concerns”. He reiterated that all parties concerned should exercise restraint and prevent further deterioration of the situation.

The EU, the United States, etc. all call for calm parties to the conflict. The purpose of the demonstration was to step down the government of Yanukovych. Russia warned that Ukraine is on the verge of a civil war under the influence of Western intervention.

The TV screen showed that Ukrainian police began to enter the Kiev Independence Square, forcing opposition demonstrators to retreat. The camp of the demonstrators was in flames.

The live broadcast screen showed that the riot police threw flash grenade at a row with demonstrators who burned tents, wheels and wood.

The Ukrainian protest began in November last year, when President Yanukovych refused to sign a major trade agreement with the EU, but instead preferred to establish a closer trade relationship with Russia.

On Sunday, demonstrators have withdrawn from the city halls and other government buildings in Kiev, the capital they had previously occupied, in order to comply with the government’s conditions for pardoning them.

But there are still demonstration camps on the street, and the opposition, which insists that President Yanukovych must step down, warns that if the government fails to deliver on its promises, it will lead to tension.

On the 18th, a parade of tens of thousands of demonstrators tried to advance into the parliament building, but was blocked by several layers of blockades built by police using police cars.

In the violent clashes between the two sides, the demonstrators also attacked the headquarters of the party of President Yanukovych and briefly occupied the building, but soon withdrew under the deterrent of the police.

Responsible Editor: Liu Yang

Sino-British think tank joint report: China is expected to open capital account within 5 years

ChinaNet February 21st, February 21st, by Renmin University of China Chongyang Financial Research Institute (RDCY), the British Monetary Fund Official Forum (OMFIF) and the People’s University of China International Monetary Research Institute (IMI) The research report “China Capital Account Liberalization: A Comparative Analysis of Foreign Experiences” jointly published by think tanks was released in Beijing. This is the first domestic research report on capital account liberalization jointly written by Chinese and foreign think tanks.

The report pointed out that China’s attitude toward capital account liberalization is firm, and a set of progressive openness models that are compatible with economic development and financial market opening have been established. As interest rate liberalization, exchange rate marketization and RMB internationalization reform have laid a solid foundation for the orderly flow of capital, China’s capital account is expected to be fully open in the next five years.

It is worth noting that the countries in the report as case studies are from different continents, including two developed countries (Sweden and the United Kingdom) and four emerging market economies (Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico and South Africa), and a country with emerging economies among the developed countries (Israel). The report focuses on how these major economic variables, such as exchange rates, capital flows, and inflation, have changed in these countries after opening up capital projects, and draws eight points of experience from them, which is worthy of China’s efforts in the process of opening up capital accounts. These eight points of experience are:

1. The implementation of financial market liberalization while keeping the capital account closed may lead to a domestic asset price bubble, as credit supply will increase, but investment opportunities remain unchanged. This is the key reason behind the collapse of the Swedish banking system in the early 1990s.

2. It is necessary to ensure that the domestic system is in place and ensure that it has the ability to cope with the follow-up effect before the liberalization of the big bang can be implemented, otherwise it will likely fall into crisis. This is 1970. The first time Israel tried the experience gained in the failure of capital project liberalization.

3. The experience of Mexico and Israel has shown that capital account liberalization will lead to large-scale capital inflows and outflows. The key is not capital flows, but how the authorities respond to capital flows.

4. Mauritius is trying to build its country into a financial centre, which is similar to China’s positioning of Shanghai, which involves the use of a flexible exchange rate, which is why the Mauritian rupee can be successfully liberalized. One.

5. The authorities should be prepared for unpredictability. Common experience shows that how the exchange rate after capital account liberalization will change is unpredictable. The British pound crisis occurred after the Second World War, that is, its currency appreciation after the abolition of foreign exchange controls.

6. Over the past six years, global economic development experience has challenged the notion that “capital controls are often harmful”. However, South Africa’s experience shows that modest capital controls can help respond to changes in the economic cycle. However, no matter how much help on the surface of capital controls, it will eventually be removed. One of the experiences of Mauritius is that once reforms begin, they must not stop.

7. A situation that has been experienced in almost all countries is that inflation has eased immediately after capital account liberalization.

8. Another common experience is that whether it is accelerating existing trends (such as Sweden or Mexico) or reversing downward trends (such as Mauritius), liberalizing the capital account and freely floating open exchange rates will increase stock prices. .

Tu Yonghong, deputy director of the International Monetary Research Institute of Renmin University of China, said that at present, there are still quite a few people in China who are worried about the opening of the capital account, worried about the opening of the capital account, China may It will repeat the mistakes of Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand in the 1990s, and there will be a financial crisis. The results of many years of reform have been ruined. In fact, this kind of worry exaggerates the risk of capital account opening, and does not balance risk with benefits, opportunities and challenges. A major function of finance is to manage and configure risk and gain benefits and efficiency. As the saying goes, Art High is daring. As long as you have the ability to manage the openness of your capital account, the risk of opening a capital account is controllable. France, Germany, Japan and other countries have not experienced a financial crisis for a long time after the opening of the capital account. It is worth mentioning that China is very cautious on the issue of capital account opening. After the opening of the current account, the government has been preparing for the opening of the capital account for 20 years. During this period, it has experienced many major financial crises in developing countries and developed countries, and has learned a lot of valuable experience and lessons. A system and mechanism for the effective management of capital flows.

“ In today’s globalized and integrated world, China’s position is different. China is the second largest economy in the world and will soon be ranked first. It is also the largest importer of various commodities in the world and the largest exporter of all kinds of manufactured goods. However, China’s financial market is not developed and is strictly regulated, and its capital projects are still not open. Another author of the report, Professor Gabrielstein, chief economic adviser to the Official Forum of the UK Monetary and Financial Institutions (OMFIF), is Said, “In recent years, China has begun to implement major reforms in these areas. The Chinese leadership has clearly stated that China will continue to work on financial market and capital account liberalization and gradually put it into action”. Professor Stan also said that it is undoubtedly difficult to reform such a large economy in China, but China can give full play to its advantages, rely on a large number of academic reports and conference results and conduct extensive discussions to learn the specific practices of other countries. Reform and open up the capital account to make an argument that suits China’s national conditions.

This report, jointly completed by Sino-British think tanks, is researched at Chongyang Financial Research, Renmin University of China.The first time in the thought salon held by the hospital, it was revealed. Wang Wen, executive vice president of the institute, said that the research results were completed under the guidance of the “big finance” theory, reflecting the influence of Chinese financial thought on the world. The big financial theory can provide a good theoretical support for the capital account liberalization process. The big financial theory advocates “improving financial efficiency, ensuring financial stability, and having crisis response capabilities” is the fundamental guarantee for establishing a high-quality Chinese financial operation system and the basic experience provided by all successful financial open countries. “This should be the basis for thinking of Chinese financial decision-makers and the logical basis for the cooperation between Chinese and foreign think tanks to provide credible decision-making. ”

Responsible Editor: Wu Yuanchun

Opening of the 7th North American Leaders Meeting

The one-day 7th North American Leaders Summit opened in Toluca, Mexico, on the 19th. US President Barack Obama, Canadian Prime Minister Harper and Mexican President Peña attended the meeting. The theme of this summit is “North America in the 21st Century: Building a Most Competitive and Dynamic Region in the World”.

This year marks the 20th anniversary of the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement signed by the three countries of the United States and Mexico. The outside world has continuously raised the request to “revise the agreement and make the agreement more timely”. However, at this summit, the three countries indicated that they will not amend the agreement, but will include the content that the agreement does not take into the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (also known as the TPP). Promoting TPP negotiations is a major task for Obama. However, the TPP has caused great controversy within the US Congress. The Democratic leaders of the House and Senate have also explicitly opposed the Congress granting Obama “Trade Promotion Authorization” to complete the final negotiation of this agreement.

During the summit, it was difficult for Obama to avoid immigration issues when he met with Peña. Obama is pushing for immigration reform in the country and advocates providing residence status for more than 10 million illegal immigrants in the United States. Mexico, which is the largest source of illegal immigrants in the United States, naturally welcomes this. But the US immigration reform bill is also facing domestic resistance. Republican conservatives in the US Congress believe that if the illegal immigrants are provided with residency status, it is doubtful whether the new US border security regulations can be implemented well.

As the host of Mexico, the host of Toluca, the host of this summit, has a different meaning for Peña. Peña grew up here and served as the governor of Mexico from 2005 to 2011. At this summit, Peña hopes to show the two allies in North America a series of reforms that Mexico has launched, and expects to attract enough foreign capital to implement these reforms.

Since the appointment of Peña at the end of 2012, the reforms have been so great and courageous that the outside world praised him. However, the recent fact that Peña was on the cover of Time magazine has pushed him to the forefront. The cover of the international edition of Time magazine, which will be published on the 24th of this month, uses Peña’s photo and gives him the title of “Mexico Savior”. However, some media have recently revealed that this is mainly due to the Mexican government’s payment of more than 40,000 US dollars to the Time Warner Group last October. Although the Time Warner Group issued a statement denying the situation, the criticism in Mexico has been higher than the waves.

Harper arrived in Mexico two days before the summit and held his first state visit to Mexico. The leaders of the two countries reviewed the achievements of the two countries in the fields of economy, trade, energy and tourism since the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries. But Harper’s biggest mission to Mexico is to sell to the US government’s four-year-old Kisson cross-border pipeline project. Although the Obama administration rejected the Canadian proposal for environmental reasons, Harper still said that he would use the opportunity of bilateral talks with Obama to present this project to the US again. (YAN Ming)

Responsible Editor: Zhang Xiaofang

Canada’s cross-mountain oil project is stagnant, crude oil prices have fallen to “cabbage prices”, October 30th According to Canada’s “Canada Times” report, in the past six months or more, global crude oil prices have gradually recovered, returning to 70 to 80 US dollars per barrel. However, when global crude oil prices gradually climbed, Canadian crude oil prices fell and fell again. Currently, Canadian oil prices are only 22.26% of US crude oil prices.

It is reported that from mid-July, the price of Canadian WCS crude oil (Western Canada Select) has fallen all the way, from more than 40 US dollars per barrel to less than 20 US dollars per barrel. Experts said that the price of crude oil in Canada continued to be low, which was caused by the rapid increase in crude oil production and insufficient capacity.

Canada is the world’s third largest oil reserve country and the fifth largest crude oil producer. Since July 2017, oil producers have gradually increased the amount of crude oil and oil sands extracted, and continue to create new records. During the period from July 2017 to July 2018, Canadian crude oil production almost exceeded the same period of the previous year.

EU pushes for comprehensive internationalization of Internet management

Technology Daily, Berlin, February 13th, on the 12th, the European Commission made recommendations to take practical measures to promote the internationalization of basic network function management, and set up a comprehensive internationalization of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) A clear timetable. The EU’s move may trigger a global upsurge in claiming Internet management rights from the United States.

The European Commission said that large-scale monitoring and intelligence activities have caused the public to lose confidence in the Internet and current management methods. Therefore, the EU proposes to fundamentally reform the ways and methods of Internet management and operation. Transparent and responsible management of the Internet should involve all stakeholders.

Nelly &middot, vice chairman of the European Commission’s Digital Agenda, said: “The next two years will be a critical period for revolutionizing global Internet governance.” The EU will contribute a practical approach to promoting Internet governance reform. The EU will play an important role in redefining the future of the Internet. ”

The European Commission recommends specific measures, such as setting a clear timetable for ICANN’s overall internationalization; strengthening the Global Internet Governance Forum (IGF); setting up a Global Internet Policy Observatory" GIPO) is a more transparent online platform for Internet policy; researching the contradictions between relevant national legislation or legal systems to find possible solutions.

In addition, the recommendations include efforts in a number of areas, such as improving the multilateral process and the transparency, accountability and participation of all parties involved; creating basic principles of Internet governance to protect an open and Fragmented Internet; globalization of key decision-making processes (such as coordination of domain names and IP addresses) to maintain the stability, security, and robustness of the Internet.

Cross said: “Some people think that the International Telecommunications Union should take over the control of key functions on the Internet. Although I think the government must play an important role, the top-down approach is not the right solution. We need to strengthen the multi-stakeholder model to keep the Internet fast and innovative. ”

The EU, like many countries in the world, urged the United States to accelerate the pace of internationalization of Internet management many years ago. Today, the position is harder and clearly supports the multilateral and participatory governance that strongly supports the participation of all stakeholders. mode. The EU’s recommendations also express Europe’s common position in a series of important international conferences in the future. For example, the multi-party conference on the future of Internet management will be held in Brazil in April, as well as the August Global Internet Governance Forum and the subsequent high-level ICANN meeting.

Responsible Editor: Zhao Yanlong

Brazil’s outbreak floods five states in the Amazon state declared a state of emergency

ChinaNet February 23 According to Brazil’s “Sao Paulo Page” website reported on February 21, five cities in Brazil’s Amazon state declared a state of emergency due to flooding in the Amazon basin. The most severely affected city is the city of Boca do Acre in southern Amazon, which has received assistance from the National Civil Defence Agency of Brazil.

According to the Brazilian National Civil Defence Agency, more than 16,000 families have been displaced by floods.

A boat carrying supplies of medicines, mattresses, clothing, etc., departed for the disaster-stricken city of Humait on the same day, but is expected to arrive on Tuesday. The Brazilian National Civil Defence Agency said that transportation difficulties are a major bottleneck in the implementation of rescue.

The Mandela River flood divides the city of Boca do Acre into two parts. The only passage through the river has been completely closed. On February 21st, the water level of the Mandela River reached 18.01 meters, creating a historical record.

Responsible Editor: Qi Yuhan

Putin requested Uzbekistan to send a human rights representative to Kiev to mediate the situation.

China News Service February 21, according to the Russian new network reported on the 20th, Russian Presidential Press Secretary Peskov said that Russian President Vladimir Putin, at the request of Ukrainian President Yanukovych, decided to send the Russian President’s full-right human rights representative to Kiev. Lu Jin was acting as a mediator when negotiating with the opposition.

Peskov said: “At the request of the Ukrainian side, a telephone conversation between President Putin and President Yanukovych was held. During this period, the President of Ukraine suggested that the Russian President send a human rights representative to Kiev as a mediator. The negotiation process of the opposition. ”

He also said that “Putin decided to send human rights plenipotentiary Vladimir · Lu Jin’s ambassador”.

He stressed that “Wholesaw; Vladimir · Lu Jin has extensive diplomatic experience, has high prestige among activists, and has led large opposition parties”.

A large-scale riot broke out in the center of Kiev on February 18 (Tuesday). On the same day, the opposition demanded the restoration of the 2004 Constitution and the restoration of the parliamentary presidential system at the Ukrainian Supreme Council. The emotional crowd tried to get close to the Ukrainian parliament building, and the militants broke into the building in the center of Kiev, lit the tires, and threw stones and burning bottles at the police and cars. According to police information, militants used shooting weapons for the first time. According to the latest data from the Ukrainian Ministry of Health, large-scale conflicts have now killed 35 people.

Responsible Editor: Zhang Xiaofang

Tymoshenko was released in a wheelchair and delivered a speech., Beijing, February 23 (Reporter Zhu Min) According to the Voice of China, “News Night”, in the past day, everything that happened in Ukraine can be summarized in two sentences: “The woman is back.” “And rdquo;“ Where did the president go? “The Ukrainian parliament voted yesterday to dismiss Yanukovych’s presidency and released former beauty prime minister Tymoshenko. The dramatic changes made the agreement signed by the Ukrainian government and the opposition on the 21st a “paper”.

Last night, the weather in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, was cold and cold, but on the Independence Square, the crowds were moving, the lights were flashing and the atmosphere was warm. A familiar image with a skull and a black jacket appeared on the pulpit of the square. The “Princess of Natural Gas” they supported, and former Ukrainian Prime Minister Tymoshenko returned. The scene cheered. Tymoshenko, in a wheelchair, delivered an impassioned speech.

Tymoshenko: Today (23rd), you have opened up a path to build Ukraine according to your own wishes, but you can’t believe in politicians, so you must stay here until you are honest. Way to elect the leaders you trust.

The Tymoshenko, who had been on a hunger strike in prison, was resurrected. She wore the Ukrainian flag and encouraged the opposition to continue the demonstration and said it would participate in the presidential election on May 25. The release of Tymoshenko benefited from the decision of the parliament. Yesterday (22nd) the parliament released the former prime minister, but removed the current president Yanukovych.

The Speaker of the Ukrainian Parliament, Turnov, announced the result of the zero negative vote.

Turchinov: All Ukrainian people, our country cannot rely on a president who renounces his duties and goes to an unknown president.

In less than 24 hours, Yanukovych’s agreement with the opposition was invalidated. The original agreement stipulated that the two sides agreed to resume the 2004 Ukrainian Constitution, jointly form a cabinet and establish a national unity government within 10 days, and advance the presidential election date to the end of this year, but now, the election is advanced to May 25, Yanukovych was Drive out of the game.

Now, foreign journalists can directly enter the presidential office building without being blocked. There are no security forces in the building, and there are only a few scattered staff who come to work. Yesterday, after being dismissed, Yanukovych appeared in the eastern city of Kharkov, saying that all decisions made by the parliament were illegal.

Yanukovych: Everything that happened inside and outside the parliament, government officials were beaten, demonstrators threw stones at them and threatened them. All resolutions were illegal and they should hear them. I heard these words from me.

Yanukovych said that he will not resign, nor will he leave Ukraine, nor will he be afraid of the opposition.

Yanukovych: I will not leave Ukraine or go to any other place, I will not resign, I am a legitimate elected president of Ukraine.

Today (23rd) there is news that Yanukovych tried to flee to Russia by plane. Ukrainian border officials revealed that the departure plane had been intercepted in eastern Ukraine. There are also reports that Yanukovych has traveled to the hometown of southern Ukraine and agreed to hold elections in advance. But these have not been officially confirmed. What is Russia doing when Yanukovich, who is regarded as a pro-Russian faction, has fallen into this situation?

Yesterday (22nd), Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov asked Germany, Poland and France to pressure the Ukrainian opposition to immediately implement the agreement. In fact, the Russian Academy of Eastern European and Central Asian Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Sun Zhuangzhi, director of the Asian Office, believes that Russia will not help Yanukovych himself.

Sun Zhuangzhi: In the end, this result may be Russia’s influence on the current situation in Ukraine, which may have its own influence on the east and the south. But he can’t let the two Ukrainians sit down to negotiate, so it should be said that Russia has no way at present. He is also not satisfied with Yanukovych, so Russia also has its own considerations. I think Russia’s affirmative policy also has its own bottom line. Therefore, Russia will adopt some relatively clear opposition measures in the next step.

& ldquo; pro-Russian facts & rdquo; disappeared, “pro-European faction”, come back, seeing this “East Laxi” “Western side of the struggle temporarily occupied the upper hand, however, Sun Zhuangzhi believes that There are still many variables in the future situation in Ukraine, and it is not good to say who wins.

Sun Zhuangzhi: It is still not the final result. Ukraine has been swinging back and forth between the east and the west in the past ten years. In recent years, the orange camp may have the upper hand. In a few years, it may be blue and white. The camp has gained the upper hand, so it is constantly swinging, which also shows that Ukraine’s domestic cracks have reached a relatively high level.

Responsible Editor: Qi Yuhan

Venezuelan President Says Willing to Talk to Obama to Resolve Disagreements

China News Service February 23, according to the British Broadcasting Corporation reported on the 22nd, Venezuelan President Maduro issued an invitation to US President Barack Obama, hoping to hold talks with Obama to resolve the problems between the two countries.

Maduro said his talks with Obama will help “put the truth on the table”, “I am calling for a dialogue between Venezuela and the US government. ”

Maduro previously accused US conservatives and media conspirators to overthrow the Venezuelan government.

On Friday (February 21), Venezuela revoked a press card from CNN’s Carcassian journalist Hernandez.

Two other CNN reporters who were sent to Venezuela to report on the current crisis situation were also cancelled by the Venezuelan authorities.

US Secretary of State Kerry condemned the Venezuelan government’s move, saying that “this is not a democratic government’s behavior”. Kerry called for the Venezuelan government to respect basic human rights and retreat from the standpoint of suppressing dissent by force. ”

Venezuela’s demonstrations in early February have killed 8 people and injured 137. The Venezuelan government said the protest was “coup attempt”. Opposition leader Lopez, who initiated the demonstration, was arrested on Tuesday (February 18) during a protest in Caracas.

Responsible Editor: Wang Yi

Research shows that China’s travel to Japan is expected to rebound in 2014

China News Service, Shanghai, February 20 (Reporter Li Jiajia) If political factors are stable, the number of Chinese tourists visiting Japan is expected to rebound sharply. This is the judgment of the internationally renowned online travel platform Travelzoo traveller based on the latest user survey. .

In the past two years, due to political factors, the demand for travel to Japan has been suppressed. At the same time, the continued depreciation of the yen in 2013 has enhanced the desire of Chinese consumers to travel. In 2013, the yen fell by about 22% against the US dollar, while the yuan appreciated by nearly 3% against the US dollar.

This year’s Spring Festival holiday, the number of Chinese tourists to Japan has greatly rebounded. According to media reports, during the Spring Festival, mainland Chinese tourists reached a record high. Last month, Japan issued 79,000 visas for mainland tour groups and issued more than 30,000 visas for individual tourists, setting a new high since 2013. Compared with the same period of last year, the number of mainland tourists visiting Japan during the Spring Festival this year increased by 10 times.

Chinese tourists rushed into Japan around the Spring Festival in 2014, setting off a consumer frenzy. According to the statistics of the four largest department stores in Japan, since the Chinese New Year holiday on January 31, the sales of these department stores with duty-free goods as the main sales increased significantly. Mitsukoshi Isetan’s sales since February increased year-on-year. 10.5%; Daimaru Matsui, Takashimaya, and Sogo also increased by 5.5% to 2.1% respectively. The sales of duty-free goods in Mitsukoshi Ginza store was three times that of the same period of last year; Takashimaya Shinjuku store was twice as large as the same period last year.

The statistics released by the National Tourism Administration of Japan show that the number of tourists visiting Japan, China, Hong Kong, Thailand and other places in China has reached a new high in the same period. China’s growth in the mainland, which has been affected by the deterioration of Sino-Japanese relations, has been particularly eye-catching. In September last year, the number of tourists visiting Japan reached a year-on-year increase of 28.5%.

Hong Wei, president of Travelzoo Tourism China, said that the Chinese tourists’ Spring Festival consumption boom may continue throughout February, and Japan will welcome the flower viewing season in March, which is expected to continue this trend. But she also believes that all of this is subject to political constraints. If the tension between China and Japan escalates, the recovery of Chinese travel to Japan may also be short-lived. (End)

Responsible Editor: Wu Yuanchun