4.0 Industrial revolution sweeping the globe have affected nearly every industry, including the industry’s supply chain management. In the past, supply chain management is to make the industry are very troublesome aspects, because the traditional supply chain involves a lot of vague and can not access the data, like the “black hole” swallowing as cost, time and patience. Industry 4.0 will bring about a new digital supply chain Control Engineering Copyright , and enables more complex, but more streamlined supply chain management.
digital supply chain is an important direction for future industrial solutions and business processes, not just the content, logistics, warehousing, transportation, etc., and also relates to the field of engineering, research and development, manufacturing and asset management. With the application of artificial intelligence, networking and block chain and many other innovative technologies in the supply chain, the traditional supply chain management is intelligent, controllable in the direction of the fast moving to digital. 1. Connect all the current cross-platform asset tracking, GPS positioning is already a very mature technology, low cost, low management costs, are widely used in various fields. A sensor attached to the vehicle, or various assets, asset location may be acquired and the time plan of substantially. Enterprises through bar codes and tracking numbers to keep track of which assets can be achieved regional products and goods are being transported. But this is not enough accurate tracking and monitoring, will bring a lot of problems and inconveniences. For example, we in the electronic business platform for shopping, logistics information display, “the courier is distribution of goods,” but we can not know, the courier will be sent within the next one hour , or to within 3 hours. In industry, this is not accurate or delayed production logistics will bring some confusion, even result in downtime of the production line. Especially for manufacturers in terms of the pursuit of zero inventory, zero inventory not only refer to the final product can be issued in a timely manner, including inventory management of raw materials and equipment needed for the production.
Therefore, a more accurate asset tracking technology will be an important direction for future digital supply chain. Hans Thalbauer SAP’s senior vice president, said, “We will not only create connections for the items, but also create connections for business partners. We not only need to connect suppliers, vendors also need to connect suppliers.” Not only the future of the digital supply chain only to realize connect all aspects of the supply chain, but also on joint logisticsDistribution of all the factors, such as weather, natural disasters, road infrastructure, regional economic and even political impact, thereby minimizing risk. For example, last year, causing great damage to the US economy hurricane affected some suppliers of goods distribution, resulting in a number of car manufacturers have had to shut down production. If we can get the message “My supplier’s supplier in a factory in Japan affected by the earthquake, will be discontinued in the next two weeks” from the supply chain, manufacturers can purchase products suppliers in time to other parts of the world. 2. time production monitoring and prediction decades ago, Toyota pioneered the timely production (just in time) concept, to alleviate enterprises lack of cash, land and a large inventory of problems. Through precise management system, to shorten the response time suppliers, reduces the flow of inventory investment. But based on timely production of all the components and raw materials must be able to arrive on time. In the automobile assembly line, a component of any lack of will affect the normal production line. If parts distribution delay can cause product quality problems or even shut down; if early delivery, the factory is not ready ready to receive, it will increase the cost of inventory management.
to meet the production needs of large manufacturers, OEM foundry shipments have strict response time to ensure that spare parts can arrive suppliers. However, this will have a great deal of supplier production pressure, suppliers on the one hand to put a lot of money for expedited shipping, while , in order to avoid downtime caused by transportation delays punishment, suppliers must maintain a certain amount of parts inventory. Therefore, the timely production of OEM manufacturers can improve production efficiency, but efficiency will lead supplier of low CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , thereby increasing the cost of parts. This requires that future digital supply chains with real-time forecasting of machine learning, through digital connections, enable predictive quality management, manufacturing predictability and predictive maintenance, improve efficiency of production and distribution, and reduce costs. 3. The block chain traceability and security, trust, traceability and control and other advantages make block chain become one of the most promising new technologies. By creating a secure and transparent ledgers system, manufacturers, retailers, logistics service providers and monitoringPipe institutions on the supply chain of all stakeholders into the same management platform, so that the whole management process becomes credible and transparent.
In recent years, many have been born out of the use of technology to reshape the block chain supply chain management startups. While , a conventional giant stream path applications have begun to explore the block chain. For example, the shipping giant Maersk cooperation with IBM to develop a TradeLens block chain platform designed to enhance logistics efficiency and simplify documentation global container transport. After testing, shipping word processing volume decreased by 10 times, the average transit time fell by 40%. Currently there are nearly one hundred partners to join the platform. By opening, block chain technology can effectively prevent price gouging, transportation delays, payment delay Control Engineering Copyright , eliminating middlemen and reduce transaction costs. In industry, despite the current block chain is still in the trial and exploratory stage, but once the depth of integration and industrial production, will play an important role in the future of industrial production and digital supply chain. Future, new technologies will let us stand digital point of view, more rational to examine every aspect of the entire supply chain, and help us continue to improve the production, analysis, maintenance capabilities and forecasting. Just as SAP’s supply chain and things Hans Thalbauer senior vice president, he said, “This is the side of the digital mirror. It is the product of the digital twin is the twin assets, is a mirror of the world. This allows us to dynamically adjust start process. we want to create a digital image of the real world in this environment. ”