Our industrial added value break 30 trillion mark

“Economic Information Daily” published September 9, entitled “industrial added value of 30 trillion mark for the break? Our stable manufacturing superpower” in the media. The article said that the founding 70 years, our industry at an unprecedented speed through the waves ahead. From 1952, the industrial added value of 12 billion yuan in 2018 increased to 30.516 trillion yuan, calculated at constant prices grew 970.6 times the average annual increase of 11.0%. Where , since 2010, China ranked the world’s manufacturing superpower for many years. After 70 years, especially the development since the reform and opening up of new China, China’s industrial success achieved from small to big, from weak to strong history of big leap, so that our country made a poor and backward agricultural country to grow as the world’s first industrial manufacturing country. Especially after the reform and opening up, the rapid growth of the industrial economy of scale. Our industrial added value in 1992 exceeded 1 trillion yuan mark for the CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright in 2007 exceeded 10 trillion yuan in 2012 exceeded 20 million yuan mark a breakthrough 300 000 2018 billion mark, according to constant prices, in 2018 an increase of 56.4 times in 1978, an average annual increase of 10.7%. Historic changes in the international influence of China’s industrial occur. According to World Bank data show that at current prices is estimated dollar, manufacturing value added in 2010, China surpassed the United States as the world’s manufacturing superpower, and since then many years ranked first in the world in 2017, our share of world manufacturing value added share up to 27.0%, it has become an important engine driving global industrial growth. In recent years, the rapid development of the global advanced manufacturing. In the major developed economies, the United States rely on national manufacturing innovation networks reinforce the foundation of advanced manufacturing innovation, the implementation of high-value British manufacturing strategy targeting key industries and key areas, the Japanese government attaches importance to guide on manufacturing intelligence and information transformation and stand by. Some of these practices in major developed countries should learn from. United States: the construction of national innovation centers in manufacturing, innovation and support for the United States not only concerned about the development of new industries, but also to the transformation of traditional manufacturing. In practice, the United States is more emphasis on the development of “new” and “old” two types of advanced manufacturing. The former relates to manufacturing convergence of information technology, automation, computing, software, sensors, and networks; the latter refers primarily based on physical and biologicalScience and the use of new materials and new technologies (such as nanotechnology, chemistry and biology) manufacturing, also relates to 3D printing, the field of intelligent robotics, advanced sensors, advanced materials, advanced ceramics, microelectronics devices. In support of advanced manufacturing industry, mainly the United States is to promote the core technology research and development through the establishment of a number of national innovation centers, and strengthen achievements in order to maintain its lead in global innovation. On the one hand, research with the creation of the CPPCC National Innovation Center. Innovation Center, the former White House Office of manufacturing policies, high-end manufacturing led the National Program Office, Department of Energy, the Ministry of Commerce and other relevant departments initiated the establishment, members include companies, research universities, community colleges and non-profit organizations. Innovation Center jointly funded by the federal government and to build the private sector in accordance with the 1 to 1 ratio. On the other hand, demand-driven, building technology development chain. The relevant departments jointly Innovation Center members, to determine the priority R & D needs through technology roadmaps Held. The responsibility of the Innovation Center to build a team, to carry out investment, R & D data management, data sharing, speed up access to intellectual property, and ultimately by the member companies achieve the transformation. At the same time , but also take active measures to promote the application of technological achievements. UK: identify high value manufacturing areas of focus to accelerate and promote technology mainly high-value British manufacturing leading the development of advanced manufacturing, and strive to open up the path from basic research to market-oriented technology. Britain’s “high-value manufacturing” (HVM) is the application of cutting-edge and sophisticated technology and expertise to create growth and create sustained high economic value products, processes and services. Accordingly, the United Kingdom have identified a number of key industries to carry out high-value manufacturing-related conditions, including transportation, medicine and biological sciences, specialty chemicals, high-value precision equipment, machinery and systems, special materials, oil and natural gas. At the same time , they made some of the high value of the key technology areas of manufacturing, such as materials, nanotechnology, biological sciences, information exchange technology (ICT) and so on. Britain is also determined by industrial investment focus, use the “manufacturing capability” as a basis for investment and the creation of “high-value manufacturing catapult center” and other measures to vigorously promote the commercial use of the technology. One is through the development of indicators to determine the strength and growth potential for the development of the industry will be able to ensure that the UK re-occupy in the global marketplaceTo technology industry status as an investment focus. They pass by the industry R & D intensity from small to large, high growth rates were ranked from lowest to right on R & D-intensive or high-growth industries. The second is the establishment of “manufacturing capacity” standard, which is an important reference for investment. Britain to “capacity” as a necessary condition to promote innovation, and the formation of reference include five major areas of 22 “manufacturing capacity” standard system, and use it as an investment. Third, set up a “high-value manufacturing catapult center” to ensure accurate and effective government funding. The center catapult invested 140 million pounds set up by the British government, its functions through the promotion of synergy between scientists, engineers and markets to achieve application of technology from basic research to, and then the process of commercialization, promotion of research and development and industrialization of scientific and technological achievements, create innovative system closely integrated with the manufacturing sector. Since its inception, the “high value manufacturing catapult Center” every year and more than 3,000 enterprises to develop cooperation has been accumulated to produce 650 million pounds of income, the effective application of technology to promote a series of transformation and promotion. Japan: government-led manufacturing intelligence, information transformation of Japan’s advanced manufacturing industry, including both upgrading traditional manufacturing advantages, such as artificial intelligence combined with the transformation of the way things automotive, household appliances, machinery manufacturing; also includes application and popularization of new technologies, such as big data, networking, nanotechnology is closely related to smart home, nano-materials industries. Japan is mainly to promote the development of advanced manufacturing through policy guidance, in particular, they focus the public domain, implementation of inclusive policies, and achieved good results. Japan issued “White Paper on the manufacturing sector,” which set the robot, 3D printing and other smart technology-based, networking, big data, cloud computing and other information technology as a means of manufacturing systems and production services business model optimization and upgrading of strategic planning. Japan formally proposed in 2016, “Internet industry” concept, that is, through artificial intelligence and digital information technology to achieve things and things, man and machine, connectivity and collaboration between businesses and enterprises, thereby creating new added value. Japan also promote the application of technology to reduce costs and corporate procurement costs through tax cuts, subsidies, etc.. Japan in 2014 introduced the “tax system to promote investment in equipment to improve productivity,” and proposed business-to-advanced manufacturing technology and equipment investment tax-deductible tax of 5% preferential policies to attract a large number of enterprises to adopt new equipment to improve traditional production line; at the same time , the introduction of advanced manufacturing equipment for SMEs can also enjoy a 30% price discount or 7% tax relief on this basis, significantly reducing the threshold for SME application of new technologies; on the part of universities, high school, junior high school to buy 3D printers and other advanced equipment, government subsidies of up to two-thirds of the purchase price. It is worth noting that Japan’s policy support is mainly focused on the development of infrastructure and public sectors. In 2014, the Japanese government invested 4.5 billion yen for the implementation of the “3D modeling technology as the core manufacturing revolutionary project”, and an additional 3 billion yen for the improvement of public infrastructure, public experimental base, digital manufacturing equipment. While inclusive policies to support SMEs increase research and development, promote the application of advanced technologies. The Government of Japan provides that, where R & D activities of SMEs, 12% of experimental research funds tax deductible. At the same time , to provide technical personnel support to SMEs funded by the Government. The Japanese government invested 1.81 billion yen personnel to carry out projects related to SMEs, training and dispatch of advanced manufacturing and physical networking experience, talent and technology to assist SMEs in manufacturing robots and other upgrading. Implications for China to promote the development of advanced manufacturing United States, Britain, Japan supports a number of advanced manufacturing practices, the better for our country to promote the development of advanced manufacturing provide some reference and inspiration. One is to establish applied technology research and development promotion agencies at the national level to effectively play a leading role in the government platform. You should see CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , the development of advanced manufacturing industry needs to properly resolve the problem of the conversion from the basic technology to applied technology, to market technology, that technology and the market to solve the “mismatch” problem . In this regard , the United States established the National Center for Manufacturing Innovation, opened up by the basic research to applied technology, to the industrialization process; Britain established a catapult to solve the basic R & D center problems docking with the market demand. It should also open up the channels of effective technology transfer, innovation value of rapid transformation. Second, adopt inclusive policies to promote the popularization and application of advanced intelligence and information technology. In China, more common way is to support policy project funds directly support, are often market convergence, redundant constructionSet and sustainability is not strong and other issues. In this regard , most of the developed countries will promote technological progress and applications as a policy focus on the application of advanced technology, procurement of advanced equipment company, after subsidies or tax breaks, Pratt & Whitney policy to support technology promotion and application. Such an approach is worth learning. The third is to take market measures, advanced power technology market development. In the early application of technology, low market acceptance, high promotion costs, market-oriented means to support the growth of technology, it is critical. At this stage, the Government may consider to increase the procurement efforts on technology and related equipment, application of advanced technology to help companies better develop the market. Fourth, to increase investment in public R & D facilities, social support of research and development. Developed countries attach great importance to R & D investment in public facilities, such as public labs, inspection and testing centers, offering free testing ground for the social subjects. For example, the United States there is a technology incubator that provides a certain amount of raw materials free of charge to entrepreneurs, but also provide conditions for small batch production of free. These initiatives can effectively stimulate the enthusiasm of social innovation, our efforts in these areas may also be considered.


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