America’s “third industrial revolution” proposed earlier, more emphasis on the impact and influence of information technology and automation is the manufacturing sector. Of course, the US leader also intelligent manufacturing trends in the manufacturing sector for layout and research, such as the Internet Industry (Industrial Internet) GE company’s proposed concept, which focuses on the direction of the machine analysis, industry insight, automation and business forecasting connection stand up. “Intelligent Manufacturing” The difference between Germany and the United States, two countries with different comparative advantages as well as on international division of labor in the manufacturing sector are inseparable.
intelligent plant is not simply intelligent smart factory is now often mentioned only “intelligent manufacturing” an integral part. Under the intelligent manufacturing, traditional manufacturing processes will be reorganized, its aim is to achieve intelligent products. Where access and information sharing between customer requirements and design, suppliers and manufacturers personalized, rapid response to after-sales service and other sectors with intelligent plant together, become a very critical component of intelligent manufacturing. The core feature of the plant is intelligent: intelligent, production automation, information flow and material flow unity. For now, the world, many companies are in the direction of intelligent plant development Control Engineering Copyright , but a company which has not had the courage to announce that they have built a smart factory. Even Siemens currently has two model factory in the world, they say that they just publicity industry to reach the level of 3.0, rather than truly Industry 4.0. In discussing the vision of the future of intelligent plant, the most frequently mentioned is “mass customization production,” which requires companies to establish business-related capabilities from several dimensions: First, the strong customer demand for the collection and analysis capacity; Second, socialization interactive product development system; Third, modular, intelligent products and manufacturing processes; Fourth, highly flexible supply chain management; Fifth, matching customer needs with production capacity (including equipment maintenance capabilities); Sixth, intelligence and inventory logistics management system. In addition to mass customization production, intelligent factory of the future picture also includes energy savings (It is estimated that approximately 12% of energy saving space), so that the supply chain more secure, accurate and relevant experts find the problem solution, and intelligent factory mode of production is not limited to the production of end consumer goods companies, production equipment business as mayThrough the practice of intelligent plant to better meet customer needs, reduce costs, improve delivery efficiency, reasonable management capacity. Supply chain management challenges when we talk about intelligent plant, the core can not ignore one of the requirements is to achieve the information flow, material flow and management flow unity. Through the ERP system, MES systems, supply chain management software, the latest of Things (access products and their corresponding components) and collect and analyze big data, so that information flow and material flow unity, so that each individual product, parts in the whole process of production in real-time monitoring and management, predict in advance, something in the operation and afterwards tracking. For Chinese companies, long-term low-end link in the industrial chain makes it somewhat lacking in the ability to collect and analyze information, management informed many Chinese companies even plants are not complete, even the industry leader, but also in recent years it was eliminated information silos within the enterprise, and built a unified enterprise information management system, but from the comprehensive, effective and comprehensive management information using the information still a considerable gap, not to mention intelligent plant for the creative use of information put forward higher requirements. At the same time CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , for intelligent manufacturing challenges affecting procurement and supply chain management is to bring far-reaching. It was originally planned management of the factory, cut into smaller units Control Engineering Copyright , both dynamic programming in order to smooth fluctuations in production, we can also follow the market to react more quickly to adjust production capacity , and can also achieve a minimum of raw materials and finished goods inventory, a substantial increase in turnover efficiency of production, manufacturers can thus gain the ability to respond quickly to customer needs, market fluctuations. At the same time CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , the production of all the parts involved because things are widely interconnected, manufacturers expected to achieve real-time inventory (Justintime) – In the most traditional plants is implemented in the factory inventory management ; while the smart factory in the market, such as real-time inventory suppliers can also be included in, in order to achieve true real-time. Its benefits are all aspects, including: reduce costs, improve delivery efficiency, management capacity and so on. Smart factory to manufacture many improvements in hardware and software current form, corresponding to the company’s human resources and management structureIt should be adjusted. For intelligent plant, its human resources needs is new, and multi-level: first of all there is to re-design and production processes, complex work of top talent supply chain management processes, product redesign, big data analysis; secondly there mid-level personnel can maintain intelligent factory everyday devices work debugging maintenance, supply chain operations and so on; the last is to have the human resources to upgrade the entire plant to meet higher intelligent plant operations and operational requirements of manpower reserves. Its management structure, due to the widespread use of information technology, automation of production become more flattened, to the team from the original line, to production plant structure, facing the new unit needs to be adjusted in a production setting. SMEs to achieve intelligent way of manufacture (a) innovative SMEs: an advantage or a trap? The most important feature is the era of intelligent manufacturing innovation, new technologies and new products, new formats are emerging new model, which gives the greatest innovative SMEs development. The comparative advantages of innovative SMEs that have a higher level of technology, sophisticated equipment and high-quality personnel, be allowed to quickly gain a leading edge in technology and products, which dominate the market. But innovative companies in high R & D investment and the slow process of industrialization, but also allowed to face enormous risks. In particular, in the context of the Internet and the development of manufacturing convergence, new technologies and products significantly faster replacement, imitation and follow the market cycles are getting shorter, the challenges and risks faced by innovative enterprises increasing, suffered “innovation increase the chances trap “. In the Intelligent Manufacturing ecosystem, innovative SMEs must strive to break the high cost of research and development, innovation cycle is long, the market risk of the problem, not the lead becomes a trap hindering development. (B) processing SMEs: but also how far? Intelligent Manufacturing ecological chain processing SMEs will undoubtedly face greater challenges and more limited space for development. Factor costs of labor, land, environment and other rising Control Engineering Copyright , the value of value-added products of the manufacturing process less and less, less and less profit, financing is becoming increasingly difficult, in such environment, companies can go far? Especially with the degree of intelligent production process of deepening some conditional processing enterprises through “substitutions machine” to achieve cost reduction and efficiency improvement, through goods and services increase the added value achieved after transformation, leaving the traditional processing small and medium time really is running out of business. SMEs in the manufacturing and processing of intelligent ecological chain must pass a phoenix, to find new space for survival and development. (C) Service-oriented SMEs: more and more competitors? Service is the main direction of development of intelligent manufacturing, to service-oriented small and medium terms, always a lot of opportunities. Internet + manufacturing spawned a large number of new service formats, such as customization, on-line detection, remote diagnostics and maintenance, data analysis, energy services, etc., and low cost of most services products, large profit margins, which gave a large number of service-oriented small and medium enterprises development opportunities. But it is precisely because of the development opportunities, low barriers to entry, will encourage more and more new influx of business services, the level of competition will become more intense. At the same time CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , as more and more transparent information , competition among enterprises become more open, fair, blue ocean more and more difficult to find, This means that companies must gain more competitive advantage will it be possible to stand out in the thousands of competitors, place. Overall, intelligent manufacturing stage has just started in China, in the future towards intelligent manufacturing, intelligent factory of, but also make full use of China’s industrial automation equipment manufacturing enterprises have been widely used.